Egypt is one of the most popular tourist destinations. Many of our compatriots have already visited the home of the eternal pyramids; many are just going to visit it. The most popular souvenirs brought back from Egypt have always been hookah, basalt cats and of course the scarab beetles. Everyone knows about the cat goddess Bastets, but not everyone knows why a little beetle has become a deity.
Ancient inhabitants of the Nile Valley were amazed by the hard work and perseverance of the scarab. In spite of any obstacles, this little insect transforms a piece of manure into a perfect sphere. Another interesting and unexplained fact is the direction of movement of scarab beetle. Wherever was the location of the scarab beetle, for unknown reasons, it rolls its ball only from east to west, repeating the solar route. Thus, in the eyes of the ancient Egyptians, the scarab likened to God, and the ball of dung was associated with the solar disk.
In the mythology of the ancient Egyptian god Ra symbolizes the daytime sun, the god Atum - the night sun, but the deity with the head of a scarab Khepri – symbolizes the morning, the rising star. All of these superior gods represented three images of the same eternal deity - the sun.
Because our sun is immortal, the scarab was considered a symbol of eternal life, due to this, talismans in the form of the sacred beetle are often found in burial chambers. A special force capable of resurrecting the dead person to a new eternal life, was attributed to figurines in the form of a scarab made of rare stones - heliotrope. They served as symbols of the imperishable essence of immortality and resurrection. But in this earthly life, the images of scarab were considered amulets for houses, a symbol of prosperity, good luck charms and guards of the human heart. They were painted with hieroglyphs denoting the names of gods, and it was believed that this amulet can call a higher power for help, and that they will always protect the owner of the talisman.
In addition to duties to move the sun in the sky, the sacred beetle has ability, about which the ancient Egyptians were not even aware. The scarab beetle flies, almost without revealing the elytra, thus refuting all the laws of aerodynamics. And while flying this beetle is so masterly that this beetle hunts for flies and even the faster birds can’t do that. Flies are flying so chaotic and fast that it is simply impossible to predict in which direction it will fly the next moment.
Until now it remains unknown how the scarab beetle calculates the trajectory of its victim. In the 50s years of last century, the U.S. military was interested by this unique ability. They wanted to learn about this super-sensitive "guidance system" of the scarab beetle and to apply it into the control system for missiles, surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles, but all these studies had no results. Such missiles have not been created.
Apparently the deity in the form of a scarab is not going to reveal to us all its secrets. Every day, it rolls its sun tirelessly from east to west, and after doing its mission, it lifts high into the sky, almost without revealing the wings, and still bringing happiness and prosperity to all who believe in it.